Recent Sermons

The Reverend Raisin Horn, Rector

11 Pentecost, Yr C                                                         August 25, 2019

Isaiah 58:9b-14                   Hebrews 12:18-29             Luke 13:10-17

 Trampling the sabbath

 Our readings today remind us of the sabbath – a day of rest.  I am taken by the line from the Isaiah reading that speaks of “trampling the sabbath” and pursuing one’s own interests on God’s holy day.  I picture stomping on the newest blooms in a garden, wiping out all the healthy new growth.

In the gospel, Jesus gets into trouble with the leader of the synagogue for healing on the sabbath — curing a woman who had been crippled for eighteen years.  We hear this, but how do we relate to it? I think that few people now pay attention to keeping a day of rest.

But let’s back up.  Why is the sabbath important?  First of all, mention of it appears in the very first book of the Bible. In the second chapter of Genesis after we hear that God has created everything and called it good, we hear this: “And on the seventh day God finished the work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all the work that he had done.” (Gen. 2:2)

God provided the model for setting aside a day to rest. Some of us have days off from our working lives, but then we find it easy to fill that time with other kinds of work.  I remember a particular time when I was shown how normal it seemed to neglect our God-given sabbath rest.

When our son was in high school, we welcomed a German exchange student into our home for a semester.

Before that, we had been a one-child family and never experienced sibling rivalry, or normal childhood competition and disagreements.  After our guest’s arrival, we soon were plunged into a world we hadn’t ever known. At the dinner table, disagreements were over odd things. Our son was even-tempered and calm.  Our German son was as dramatic in every way he could be.  It was a real education for us.

The biggest drama happened when I took our guest to a local pharmacy.  I parked in front of a sign that read, “Open 24 hrs./365 days per year.”  Suddenly I heard him exclaim loudly.  Our German son was outraged that, in the United States, this store did have not even one designated holiday during the course of an entire year. He thought this was a terrible way to treat employees, and a sad commentary on the driven, frantic way we live.

In Europe, he was used to the long afternoon “siesta,” an enforced couple of hours when shops and restaurants all closed to give everyone some rest.

I had to admit I agreed with his viewpoint, the longer I thought it over.  What is so important – excepting places such as hospitals, of course – that we feel that no one can take a break?  What was Jesus thinking in our gospel story when he encountered someone in need when he was to honor the day of rest?

Well, Jesus simply saw a woman suffering for years, and he up and did something about it.  Note that she didn’t even ask him to heal her.  Jesus said, “Woman, you are healed from your ailment,” and just like that, in an instant the healing happened.

She was restored physically, and also socially, no longer seen as an unfit, unproductive member of society.  He restored her dignity.

When Jesus broke the sabbath rule, the leader of the synagogue was displeased.  Was that because Jesus had broken a law?  Did the leader care more about worshipping laws and rules than seeing a woman restored to health and a productive life?

The Isaiah passage today tells of trampling the sabbath by pursuing our own interests on a holy day.  Yes, Jesus desired to heal the crippled woman, but it wasn’t his own interests that compelled him to do it.  Jesus came to bring healing and the promise of a new life to someone greatly in need. If he considered the consequences of working on the sabbath, he considered it less important.

One reason I think that we are less tuned into sabbath rest now is that rules about taking a break can sound like a long list of things we cannot do. What if we turned this around, so that instead, we imagined those pleasurable things that time spent not workingallowedus to do – things that matter to us and keep us grounded and well?

I think there’s a tie-in to the church, as well.  The church of the past, like Sundays of the past, had the reputation of being a place where so many things were forbidden.  You had to keep quiet and always be on your best behavior.  You had to dress up.  Women were to cover their heads and were not allowed on the altar, on committees, or in certain leadership roles.  Some denominations were stricter than others.  If you were divorced or if you had a child out of wedlock, you were no longer in good standing.

The list of can’t-dos still goes on in some churches.  Part of people’s disenchantment with church in our current generation may be that they imagine it a place where too many things are forbidden.  Instead, what if we encourage people to imagine those things we cando because we are the gathered church?

We should first accept people where they are in life – no matter if they are lifelong churchgoers or if they aren’t at all sure what they believe; no matter how they dress, who they live with, or what kind of family they grew up in.  We’re here now for a reason.  We need to come together despite our disagreements, and pray the world into a better place than it has become – to offer that world a sign of hope and the brighter light of Christ.

This is a time to join together across differences.  In that spirit, I am delighted to say that last week, I met with the new pastor next door at Lyons Methodist.  Pastor Betty is in her first call in the Methodist church. She and I agreed to invite the members of our separate congregations to be prayer partners with a member of the other congregation.  As a start, Betty and I have promised to pray for one another.

Here’s how it works: having a prayer partner is not about rules. It is about prayer.  If you desire to have a person from our neighboring church pray especially for you every week, please sign your name on the sheet outside in the hallway.  You do not have to meet your prayer partner, unless you decide that you wish to.  If you have a particular prayer request, we can communicate that to the person praying just for you.

Prayer is one important way that I keep sabbath rest.  My style is to pray in absolute quiet, though with Jesus, there are no rules about the right way to pray.  Prayer simply is connecting with God. Without it, I wonder how I’d continue to have the strength, patience, and humor to get going each day.

Our German exchange student grew to adulthood, and called us every Christmas for years.  Now he’s married with children, and he still sounds excitable.  It was good for our family to learn from a person who looked at our way of life and wondered if it was healthy and good.

God created everything on the earth and called it good.  And then God rested.  If God can rest, then how about you and I?



July 28, 2019
7 Pentecost, Yr. C: Luke 11:1-13

Teach us to pray

When I was in seminary near Chicago, we attended chapel services three times a day.  We were free to choose any seat in the beautiful stained glass-filled chapel. One year, a new seminarian came to stand next to me at the celebration of Holy Eucharist.  When we spoke The Lord’s Prayer, he prayed quietly in his native Japanese.  The sound, reminding me of a delicate waterfall, actually moved me to tears.

After chapel, I told my new friend how beautiful his words were.  He looked at me with a twinkle in his eye and said, “Oh, but I really was just reciting my grocery list!”  I paused. “I don’t think so,” I said.  I didn’t believe him.

I didn’t believe him because I’ve not known anyone to mess with The Lord’s Prayer.  As the prayer given to us directly by Jesus, it stands set apart from other prayers. The prayer is the one we hear in serious and anxious places:  a surgical waiting room, at the scene of an accident, on the way to a job interview, whenever we want something really badly.  It’s the prayer that, when I served as chaplain-on-call at a hospital, patients always wished to say with me.  So did their families.

It doesn’t matter if we pray in the traditional or the contemporary forms found in our prayer book, or in Japanese or French or Spanish.  Jesus doesn’t care if we blend the older and the newer forms (like the more contemporary one heard in the gospel today) into one if we get mixed up because we sometimes pray both forms.  What matters to Jesus is that we pray.

What matters is that we persist in prayer, like the neighbor in Luke’s parable, courageously seeking, asking, and knocking to rouse the man already asleep near his children.  The neighbor in Luke’s story knocks and knocks, because he is sure that his friend will answer.  It’s the same with God and us: we expect God to hear us.

Luke’s gospel speaks both of prayer and worship of God in many places. Today’s passage begins its focus on prayer:  “He was praying in a certain place.”  Then we’re off and running when the disciples ask, “Lord, teach us how to pray.”

In those times, one mark of a religious community was to have its own unique prayer.  So it began, all those years ago: faithful, hungry people – hungry for bread, for peace; hungry for God, for a better life, for hope – joined together saying, “Our Father in heaven.”  They prayed these words in hope and in confidence.  So should we.

We pray with the confidence of children who know that God wants to give us good things, with the assurance that God’s goodness is superior to anything we know here on earth.  The Lord’s Prayer has beauty in its directness and simplicity.

We ask a loving, heavenly father to give us what we need.  The prayer points to our absolute dependence upon God to hear us, and to respond to our needs – if it were not so, why would we continue to ask?  The prayer teaches us not only how to pray, but how to live.

We hear words that tell us that forgiveness matters: “Forgive us our sins, as we forgive those who sin against us.”  These are Jesus’ words, so they are as true for us now as they were for his disciples.

Who do you need to ask forgiveness from this week?  Is it possible that you hurt someone without ever intending to?  Pray with the questions a while.

“Our daily bread” stands as the earthy, crusty symbol of our basic human necessities.  In the context of Holy Eucharist, the bread reminds us that it is not given for ourselves only, but is to be broken and shared.  Breaking bread with others, coming to the same communion table, gives us a glimpse of what being truly reconciled one with another might taste like.

Asking forgiveness from one another and from God is critical if we wish to work for reconciliation here at home, or in the world.  If we wish to do that work, the best place to start is within ourselves.  We need persistence, and generous repeated doses of patience.

Certainly we need patience with our brothers and sisters and neighbors, but absolutely we need it with ourselves.  How hard we can be on ourselves, expecting perfection at every turn. I don’t believe that Jesus expects us to be perfect, but rather than we follow in faith to try harder, to act as his disciples in a world that needs our care.  We get there beginning with simple prayer.  We get there by relying on God’s disarming, unfailing grace.

We persist in prayer because we want to stay in conversation with God, and because as God’s Church, we are the people God sends out to do the work he has given us to do.  Our work includes persuading minds and hearts, to convert them to look with compassion upon those who are on the margins, just as Jesus did.

Jesus gave us The Lord’s Prayer to pray alone in a deserted place as Jesus did, or to pray in communion with others.  We are fortunate; it wasn’t always true that people were free to pray without getting into trouble with authorities who persecuted those of faith. Today we pray as the gathered people of Christ.  On mornings such as today, God puts other people in our path whether we choose them, like them, or not.

We come today as a very particular community – a group of people unique in time and space who write our own story.  We are the ones who get to decide how the rest of our story gets written, whom we include, whom we cherish, and how we take our place in bringing to light God’s kingdom on earth.

Wherever our lives intersect with the lives of those outside our doors, they also intersect with the face of Jesus, who asks us to extend hospitality, welcome, and care.

So in a few moments, when we pray in the words that Jesus taught us, I invite you to pray more quietly, becoming aware of the voices surrounding you in these pews, where generations of others have prayed these same words.

Listen for your neighbor, your friend, the person who irritates you, the person you wish to know better.  Hear the music of the voices around you; breathe in their shape and color. As God’s outstretched arms in Clinton, we have work to do, because the world waits and hopes for us to share God’s love.  The world waits for peace like a river, joy like a fountain, love like an ocean.

Author Joy Douglas Strome, writing a few years back in The Christian Century, said this: “Prayer isn’t for dummies.  It’s for the faithful who, empowered by the Spirit and supported in community, are willing to stake our lives on the belief that God will open the door when we knock.”

Luke tells us, at the end of today’s gospel passage, that God answers our prayer by giving us not only good gifts, but the best gifts we can imagine: the surprising gifts of the Holy Spirit.  These gifts include joy, courage, hope, and strength.

As we ask, seek, and knock, I ask that we listen deeply for one another’s voices.  Pray earnestly, as though we are engaged in controversial activity.  Because, friends, prayer is both deep and controversial: we might actually change lives and convert human hearts.

So as we pray together, being fed by the beloved words of our common prayer, I trust that we will keep writing the story that God has chosen us to write.


July 28, 2019
Pentecost, Yr. C: Luke 11:1-13

Sister Act

The Mary and Martha story in today’s gospel gives us two sisters with personalities many of us can relate to.  Jesus has been on the road with his disciples, and enters the village of Bethany where his friends Mary, Martha, and Lazarus have made their home.

There’s Martha: the good host, doing what needs to be done to pull off this meal for Jesus.  This short gospel passage doesn’t specify, but most likely the disciples followed Jesus right into Martha and Mary’s kitchen, where Martha is now quite busy. Her busyness defines her in this story. There’s a lot to prepare for over a dozen guests, and that dreamy Mary just sits listening to Jesus.

From what we hear in the gospel, Martha is left alone with all her tasks.  Notice that she doesn’t ask Mary to get up and help her.  She asks Jesus to do it.  She’s not impressed with Mary, and she’s sure Jesus will help her out.  But he doesn’t say what Martha hopes he will.

I’ve known many Marthas in my life: the take charge, practical, driven ones that make sure things happen; the responsible ones that become resentful when they have to do everything themselves.  I can relate, for I find Martha within myself: anything worth doing is worth doing perfectly.

Then there’s Mary.  Her head is in the clouds; she’s oblivious to practical needs of the household.  She know her sister will take care of everything. I know some Marys.  Perhaps you do, too: that one who never washes a dish because she is busy, thinking deeply.  Martha is seen as the one taking care of worldly needs, while Mary’s heart is full of spiritual matters.

Martha and Mary likely were women with financial means, as they have their own home in a village where such resources might be uncommon.  They seem to have independent status.

Their kitchen, and their home, has served as a place where important things happen.  And, they appear to have the financial means to support Jesus’ ministry.

In their house, their brother Lazarus was called back to life by their friend Jesus.  It was in their home that Mary anointed Jesus’ feet with a pound of costly perfume. And now Martha is running herself ragged preparing this meal.

When Jesus answers Martha, saying that she is worried and distracted, while Mary has chosen the better part, it’s worth noting that he isn’t telling Martha that she is wrong to be working so hard. Nor does he tell her to stop.  Instead, Jesus points out that Mary is doing something important enough that Martha might take note and learn from her.

I think that Jesus is issuing an invitation to Martha.  It’s not likely that she would see his words as an invitation, but I believe that they are.  Jesus invites Martha to loosen up, to let go of her desire to produce the perfect, over-the-top meal.

I can imagine Jesus gently suggesting that a big pot of stew would be sufficient, more than enough to satisfy her guests.  And I can imagine Martha agreeing in theory, but insisting that there had to be more: bread, some figs, something else sweet.  Because Martha can’t let go of how important Jesus is, and he deserves the best.[1]

But if we truly want to serve as Jesus invites us, we need to remember his words from visiting Mary and Martha.  He wants Martha to know that her busyness and nonstop preparations are keeping her from what’s important: listening, praying, and simply being. He’s teaching them that sometimes, we need to work and serve.  Other times, we need to listen, to pay attention, and learn.  But above all, it’s our relationship with Jesus that needs tending.

At the heart of this lesson, we need the skills and personalities of both Mary and Martha in order to make the world run smoothly.  We could each use a bit of each of them in our lives, to remind us when we neglect our souls and prayer life; to encourage us if we aren’t helping others serve.

When Jesus visits Martha and Mary’s home, he comes as a guest.  Most of us can relate to having guests.  There can be a good bit of preparation: cleaning, shopping and cooking.  That’s all commendable, but are we focused more on the house and its demands than on the guest himself?  When Jesus comes to us, are we really ready to welcome his presence within us?
Today’s epistle reading from St. Paul to the Colossians tells of the Christ who is within us.  Christ comes as wisdom, in whom all things find their meaning.  In Christ, all the fullness of God was pleased to dwell. Jesus comes to us too, made known to us in the breaking of bread, which we will do in a few moments around this altar table.  The words from the beloved prayer known as “St. Patrick’s Breastplate” are fitting here:

Christ be with me, Christ within me,
Christ behind me, Christ before me,
Christ beside me, Christ to win me,
Christ to comfort and restore me.
Christ beneath me, Christ above me,
Christ in quiet, Christ in danger,
Christ in hearts of all that love me,
Christ in mouth of friend and stranger.

We are invited, daily, to welcome Jesus as our guest.  We are to listen and learn like Mary, and work when needed, like Martha.  Both are necessary.  As a Christian community, we are bidden to hold onto the hope Jesus promises in the gospels.

Christ is in us, the hope of glory.  Through Christ, firstborn of all creation, we are reconciled to God and one another – on this day that the Lord has made, and in all the days to come, till the end of the ages.


[1]Some ideas from Lindsay Hardin Freeman, Bible women: all their words and why they matter(Cincinnati: Forward Movement, 2014), 406.

June 23, 2019
2 Pentecost, Yr. C: Kings 19: 1-15a   Galatians 3:23-29   Luke 8:26-39

No east or west

We return today to the gospel of Luke after many weeks of John’s gospel. We now are in what the Church calls Ordinary Time, a few major feasts now past and the long, green season ahead of us.

Today, we hear a strange story in the gospel.  Parts of the earlier readings also take unexpected turns. It helps to place the readings in the context of what had happened before.

In the lesson from First Kings, the prophet Elijah has returned from a battle, from victory overthrowing the prophets of Baal through the might and power of God.  Now, God strengthens the weary Elijah through an angel who comes to assist Elijah for his 40-day journey to Mt. Horeb. 40 days and 40 nights is a familiar length of time in scripture, both in the Exodus story with Moses, and as a length of time for the season of Lent.

Now Elijah, weary from the battles already fought, flees from Queen Jezebel.  It sounds as though he can use some help!  At the end of his journey, he unexpectedly is met by the Lord.  But the Lord does not come the way he imagined.

The Lord does not come to Elijah in might and power of wind, earthquake, or fire, but in the sound of sheer silence.  God comes to us in the places we may least expect.  God assures Elijah, as he does us, that we are not alone. God is with us.

In the epistle reading, St. Paul tells the Galatians that in Christ there is no longer distinction between male and female, Jew and Greek, slave and free.  Now they are one in Christ, where there is no east or west.  How can this be?   The male and female, the Jew and Greek hearing this near one another wouldn’t have understood before that in God’s eyes, they are equal.

Paul announces new life for those who have faith in Christ, really a new identity of being clothed in that faith, and made new in God’s grace.  It must have struck the people as strange to see themselves as Christ does – no longer looking with eyes that only see how they are different; instead looking to what makes them one, makes them children who inherit God’s kingdom.

Paul tells them that relying only on the law, that which makes them aware of their sinful natures, will not get them to the land of promise. Rather, they are to rely on Christ, the only true source of salvation.

The gospel story has peculiar details, too.  It’s a miracle story, taking place near Galilee.  We find Legion, a crazed man possessed by demons, living among the tombs.  Legion was also the name of a military unit of 6,000 Roman soldiers.

The people had grown accustomed to Legion being crazed and possessed.  They hadn’t counted on those same demons recognizing Jesus for who he is.  So we have a crazed man, tombs, and demons who talk to Jesus.  When Jesus commands them to come out of the man Legion, they do, but then something even stranger happens.

Now, pigs enter the story.  We’re Iowans. Pigs are farm animals we know well.  Pigs even make an appearance as part of the NOM summer free lunch program entertainment and education for neighborhood children, right near our church. And what happens to these poor, unsuspecting pigs in the gospel story?

We hear this from Luke:  “Now there on the hillside a large herd of swine was feeding; and the demons begged Jesus to let them enter these.  So he gave them permission.  Then the demons came out of the man and entered the swine, and the herd rushed down the steep bank into the lake and was drowned.”  Yes, those pigs run right off the cliff and drown.

What have the pigs done to deserve this?  To answer this question we need to know that the Jewish people of that time held a highly negative view of pigs.  The animals were not at all valued.

Some writers say that the demons who take hold of the pigs think they can escape from Jesus by running into the sea.  But the plan doesn’t turn out well.  Imagine the people who witnessed all these things.  They would have been stunned to see the man Legion transformed by Jesus, while the pigs ran off the cliff.

The gathered crowd would be bound together by their fear of these events.  As for Legion, he wishes to be bound to Jesus.  A changed man, set free from his infirmity, his calling now is to tell of the wonders God has done for him.

Our opening hymn today, “Tell out my soul,” is perfect for the story of Legion:

“Tell out, my soul, the greatness of his Name!  Make known his might, the deeds his arm has done; his mercy sure, from age to age the same; his holy Name the Lord, the Mighty One.” (The Hymnal 1982 #437, v.2)

But the people who knew Legion the way he was before had a hard time adjusting to this seemingly newly made person in their midst.  The change in him disturbs the way of life together as they had come to know and accept it.  After all, they were comfortable with his identity as that wild and crazy person.  They were all bound together in their pointing to him, a seeing only his faults.

What happens when a person changes after many years can be more complicated than we think.  Each of us has the potential to change, even though many may choose not to.  But the community where we belong may not know how to act when a person no longer is known because of his or her affliction, by the thing that sometimes drives people away.

Apart from whatever deficiency afflicts a person, does this person have an identity, a chance to be seen as whole and made new in Jesus?

One writer says this: “Don’t we also tend to define ourselves in terms of our deficiencies, our disappointments and failures?.. Why is it that every time we want to take a risk…we are reminded of every failure, every disappointment we’ve experienced before?  Perhaps because we’ve allowed these things to possess us.  We, too, are Legion.

There are so many voices trying to possess and discourage us that we might still call them Legion.  Yet against all of them stands the still, small, but mighty voice of the one who still crosses oceans and boundaries to tell us of God’s love and call us back to our right minds and grace-filled identities.  Thanks be to God.”[1]


[1] David Lose, “Legion,” (, 6/16/13).

June 9, 2019
Day of Pentecost, Yr. C: Acts 2:1-21   Romans 8:14-17   John 14:8-17

Spirit of the living God

Thirty-five years ago on Pentecost Sunday in a church in eastern Iowa, Bishop Walter Righter formally received me into the Episcopal Church by the power of the Holy Spirit.  We never know at the time how that spirit will act and move within us, sometimes leading us to a place we never expected to go.

Even though a festive red color is used for the Day of Pentecost, the feast would be called Whitsuntide (meaning “White Sunday”) if you were in England.  The reference to white is said to represent the color used for baptism, as those who weren’t baptized on Easter Day once were baptized later, on Pentecost.

The word Pentecost comes from the Greek word “Pentekostos,” meaning 50.  Like “pentagram” which means five-pointed star, the first five letters in the word help us remember that Pentecost comes 50 days after Easter.

This is a day to celebrate the coming of the Holy Spirit and the unity of God’s people, even with their many differences in languages, races, and nations.  It is day to mark joy and unity in Christ.

The Jewish people who gathered in Jerusalem at Pentecost celebrated the spring harvest, when they offered baskets of bread to God after their work was finished.  The day also marks the giving of the Law to Moses at Mt. Sinai.  Tongues of fire and mighty wind are symbols of God’s presence on Mt. Sinai.

This is the day we celebrate God’s sending down the gift of the Holy Spirit, and the beginning of the Church.  Some think of it as the birthday of the Church. The parish hall today is dressed in red, ready for a party.

In the Bible, the prophet Joel had said many years ago that God would pour out the Holy Spirit, and that the people should wait.  So, as the first reading today tells us, on Pentecost, everyone was together.  They came to wait. They came from many different countries.  They didn’t know what would happen next.

The people spoke in many tongues, or languages.  The first reading from the Acts of the Apostles doesn’t make readers pronounce all those complex names just to throw us a challenge to get the names right.  Rather, all the names and places represent how many different kinds of people God calls together to come be the Church.

On that day, suddenly, a great wind came.  Red and orange flames of fire appeared.  The people were surprised because even though they were all from different places, they could hear their own languages. The Spirit made it possible for the people to understand what was being spoken.

It all sounded so strange that people thought everyone was drunk on wine. But Peter, who was with the apostles, said that wasn’t true – it was early morning and too early to be drunk – and he reminded them the prophet Joel said God would give people the gift of the Holy Spirit.  They just didn’t think the sending of the Spirit would be so noisy and bright and joyful.

Today, many churchgoers wear red to remember the flames and the boldness of the Spirit, who is called the Comforter – and in today’s gospel reading, the Advocate.  An advocate is one who will be with you, stand up for you through everything that happens, the one who will comfort you and be present, even though we can’t really see the Spirit.

The spirit is present to us, sometimes with sighs too deep for words. The Spirit leads us because we are children of God, as the lesson from Romans says.  The spirit of adoption comes by the grace of God who unites all people.  The spirit helps us when we are weak, when we are not sure about our place in the world around us, when we need someone simply to be there with us.

The spirit speaks to us through all our senses – sight and sound, taste and touch.  The feeling that something special and unusual is happening when the spirit is present is hard to explain to other people.  The spirit gives us protection when we feel most alone, or feel like giving up.  God never will give up on us, and the spirit comes to us to tell us that God is always with us.

The beginning of the Church is the beginning of building more disciples for God’s kingdom.  This is no ordinary kingdom.  Jesus did not build up an army – instead, he built a church.

His work was not the work of showing power and control over others.

His work, the work that God has given us to do, is feeding the hungry, caring for the sick, and lonely, being encouragers rather than critics, welcoming the stranger, and praying at all times – even for those who drive us crazy at times and hurt us.  Remember that Jesus prayed even for his enemies while he was on the cross.

In the gospel lesson from John, Philip and Jesus are talking together. Philip doesn’t understand the complicated and very intimate relationship between God the Father and Jesus, the Son. Philip says to Jesus, “Show us the Father, and we will be satisfied.”

Jesus explains, as he has explained before, that to know the Father, the disciples must know Jesus, for God is revealed through the power of the Holy Spirit in the person of Jesus.

This is all a wonderfully timed lead-in to the lessons next week, Trinity Sunday, another feast during which we worship God the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit – one in three persons, and three in one.  The spirit is called the third person of the Holy Trinity, but that doesn’t make the spirit any less important than the other two.

The outpouring of the spirit does not come to us just on this one Day of Pentecost, or as a one-time deal and done. The spirit rests with us and within us, waiting to see how we show that spirit to the world around us.

You may know people that you’d describe as “full of the spirit.”

Sometimes, you just know.  It might be someone who has the gift of speaking in tongues.  It might be someone who is irrepressibly joyful, hopeful, with brightness of energy.

But we shouldn’t mistake quieter people for those who missed the boat when the spirit came down.  There are many whose power lies in their deep trust, confidence in God, and a quiet, steady joy and strength that repeatedly draws others to them.

When church is over, and we go into our neighborhoods, what can we do to let others see that we are people of God?  How about you?  Where are you in this lineup of spirit-filled believers?

Noisy or quiet; old or young or somewhere in between; new to the faith or faithful from birth: How will you show the power of the Holy Spirit and God’s love for you this week?  Let us pray:

Spirit of the living God, fall fresh on us.  Melt us, mold us; fill us, use us.


May 12, 2019
4 Easter, Yr. C: Acts 9:36-43   John 10:22-30

All we like sheep

Last weekend when I was away at a conference, one of our speakers talked about the gospel for today, and about the gospel of John overall.  The speaker’s last name happened to be Shepherd, which struck me funny when he began to discuss sheep.

Dr. Shepherd talked of the complexities in John’s gospel, as it is so full of phrases such as “I am in you, you in me, and I and the Father are one.”  It’s beautiful writing, but takes some unraveling.  A main idea in John’s gospel, Dr. Shepherd said, is to tell of relationship with God: he is the vine and we are the branches; he is the good shepherd and we are the sheep.

The gospel points us to God’s desire to be in union with us.  There is a line in today’s Eucharistic Prayer that says, “Holy and gracious Father: In your infinite love you made us for yourself.” (BCP p. 362).  Our relationship with God matters not only to us; it matters to the God who made us. He is the good shepherd, who needs his flock.

Some of you may have heard me tell the story of when our son was young, and my husband took him and a friend to a rural area in Iowa to see a field of sheep.  A fence separated the sheep from their visitors, and soon the sheep gathered at the fence to check out the people.  The sheep looked at the people.  The people looked at the sheep.  After a few seconds my husband said loudly, “Hello, sheep!”

With that, the sheep – every one of them – turned and went off in the opposite direction.  They were no dumb sheep.  They knew that this guy wasn’t their shepherd.

In today’s gospel, we encounter Jesus as the Good Shepherd who knows his flock, whose sheep hear his voice and follow him. Listening for the voice of the good shepherd is not always easy. Other strong voices want to claim our attention.

Those who are loudest and most insistent often win over the quieter ones.  Living a gospel-centered life is different.  The gospel urges us to listen to the one who cares for the poor, the neglected, and those for whom there is no justice.

On Easter Day, when we’ve freshly experienced the joy of the resurrected Christ, the festivity brings the voice of Jesus near. But how do we keep our ears tuned to his voice, our hearts and minds tuned to his presence during all fifty days of the Easter season?  A colleague shared the story of asking this question to former Archbishop of Durham, N. T. Wright.  Wright said to her,

“It’s true! We do not know how to sustain the Great Fifty Days.  I have been trying to figure out how to feast the way we should for years during this season. One year, I insisted on serving champagne for breakfast every morning at my house during the fifty days of Easter. My children thought that I had gone mad.”[1]

Keeping an Easter life beyond the festivity of Easter Day is shown in today’s reading from the Acts of the Apostles. We hear of Dorcas (also known as Tabitha), a disciple devoted to good works and acts of charity. She has been a featured saint in the Lent Madness contest that many of you have followed.

Dorcas was praised for her care of the poor.  She brought her community together through prayer and acts of compassion.  Her ministry witnessed to Christ’s resurrection.

The story of Dorcas serves as a reminder that not all disciples were men.  The early church has powerful examples of women disciples, and Dorcas is but one whose story we hear.

When Dorcas fell ill and died, the disciples sent two men to find Peter, saying to Peter, “Please come to us without delay.”  With the disciples and widows surrounding him, Peter raises Dorcas.  Peter keeps resurrection joy alive through this act, which significantly he does in community – just as Dorcas’ ministry took place in community.

Today’s story of the good shepherd highlights the sheep as one flock.  Jesus says, “My sheep hear my voice.  I know them, and they follow me.”  This has different focus from Luke’s parable of the lost sheep that tells of the shepherd who goes after one sheep missing from the flock.

John’s gospel shows us the sheep who together respond to the shepherd, upon whom they are completely dependent.

The relationship between Jesus and the Father is made known in today’s gospel. Jesus proclaims that he and the Father are one. His work is done in the Father’s name.  Oneness with God is central to this passage, as belonging is central for the sheep. Jesus says at the festival of the Dedication, “You do not believe, because you do not belong to my sheep.”

As God’s people, how are we to listen for the voice of the risen Christ, carry forth a resurrection spirit, and truly live out our alleluias?  The readings today suggest that we do so paying attention to relationship, to belief and belonging, and to community.

In one of the hymns chosen for today, “My shepherd will supply my need,” the third and final verse talks about belonging, the sheep coming home – in other words, all of us who try to follow Jesus.

Our true home is in Jesus, the shepherd.  Jesus says that our belief brings us into the fold. Our journey’s goal is to reach the joy of Christ and to be led home.

The hymn acknowledges that journey and leads us, as the words say, to “find a settled rest, while others go and come; no more a stranger or a guest, but like a child at home.”

As children of God, we try to follow the example of the sheep who run away from the one who is not the shepherd.  We trust that the good shepherd always will lead us in paths of truth and grace.

Presiding Bishop Curry, in the Easter Season, calls Episcopalians to a Season of Prayer on behalf of those who experience violence and civil strife.  He writes, “In this season of Resurrection, I call on everyone to pray for our brothers and sisters in areas where there is much burden and little hope.”

Bishop Curry asks that, through our prayer, especially for our companion dioceses, we remain connected with those in other parts of the Anglican Communion.

Keeping the great fifty days alive with alleluias and resurrection hope is best done in community, as our lessons show.  Raising our prayers in the company of one other makes our fold stronger.

While I was away last week, I experienced the simple beauty of Evening Prayer said in community.  So this summer, I’m going to offer this 25-30 minute Prayer Book service, once a week beginning in June.  You’ll find a signup sheet on the table outside the parish hall asking if you would prefer coming to this service on a Tuesday or a Wednesday.

If there is sufficient interest, we could also gather afterward for some refreshment.  If this sounds like something you would like to do, please indicate your preference of weekday so that we can plan further.

It matters that you are here today.  It matters to those around you.  Because together, we are the flock.  The shepherd needs us to gather and share our alleluia life.

In this season of prayer, I invite us to keep the remainder of the great fifty days in confidence that we will hear and know the voice of the good shepherd, who will lead us and never let us go.

[1]Kate Moorehead, Resurrecting Easter: meditations for the great 50 days (Harrisburg: Morehouse Publishing, 2013), 50.

April 28, 2019
2 Easter, Yr. C: John 20:19-31

Speaking Peace

Some churches call today, the Sunday after Easter Day, “Low Sunday.”  That’s because so many people turn out for Easter Day as they do Christmas Eve, and then participation tends to drop off for a while.  It’s too bad that we would think of any Sunday as “low,” as though we are planning to put less effort into our worship and our prayers.   This is the day that the Lord has made, so let us rejoice and be glad in it!

Because Easter Season lasts for 50 days in the church, we say “Alleluia, Alleluia” at the end of the dismissal for those 50 days.  We proclaim joy because God has shown us through Jesus rising on the third day that love and life are stronger than death and sin.

In our readings these next few weeks, we’ll hear more stories of Jesus appearing to the disciples, stories that reveal the hope we share in Christ.

We have two resurrection stories before us.  Jesus has shown himself to the disciples, but Thomas was somewhere else. Poor Thomas has endured years with the word “doubting” next to his name. It’s time to show him some compassion.

Thomas really is the “odd man out.”  He’s that person in a classroom who doesn’t understand a thing the professor says; the awkward one at a dinner table who sees things differently than the rest – or doesn’t see at all, because Thomas wasn’t there when the other disciples saw the Lord.

Thomas fits well into our scientific, technological age.  He demands proof that the disciples have seen Jesus; he wants solid evidence that doesn’t leave room for mystery.  Who among us doesn’t find doubt and skepticism either in ourselves, or in those around us?  What kind of proof would be enough?

Jesus appears, offering that proof: sight and touch, urging Thomas to examine his hands and side.  And Jesus offers something more: his own voice, speaking the invitation to touch and see.  We don’t actually know from the text whether Thomas extended his hand to touch.

What we do know is that he heard the Lord’s voice.  Hearing and seeing proved to be evidence enough that Thomas exclaimed, “My Lord and my God!”

Imagine Jesus, having just entered the room where the disciples sit, even though the doors were locked for fear of the Jews.  Whether the disciples are afraid of religious authorities, or afraid they might be accused of stealing Jesus’ body from the tomb, we don’t know.  What an electrifying pair of verses in this gospel passage!  Twice, we hear that the doors were locked, but Jesus came in, anyway.

Who is this, who can walk through doors?  And what has he come to do for them?  He has come for three reasons.  First he brings a greeting of peace.  Then, he sends them out.

Jesus tells the disciples that they have work to do.  “As the Father has sent me, so I send you,” Jesus says.  Then, he breathes the Holy Spirit upon them, the very breath that sustains new life.

With this action of the Holy Spirit, he enables them to carry out the work of speaking peace, declaring God’s forgiveness, and restoring right relationship with others.

God’s work requires speaking mercy and justice, claiming the authority …”to speak, as [Jesus] would, the words of peace – both sharp challenge and abundant forgiveness, comfort to the afflicted and affliction to the comfortable…[to speak] what God needs spoken…to use our speech with holy responsibility.”[1]

In our worship community, we pray the psalms together.  One writer suggests that Psalm 150, one psalm appointed for this day, is the Easter Alleluia ‘turned into an entire psalm.”  “Praise the Lord!  Praise God in his sanctuary; praise him in his mighty firmament!…Let everything that has breath praise the Lord!”[2]

In this psalm, God’s people offer their lives to praise God and his mighty deeds, “particularly God’s mighty deed of raising Christ from the dead.”[3]

The language of Psalm 150 calls out for all of creation to join in, praising God. What a contrast it is to the doubt of Thomas in the gospel!  But, as the writer points out, “the song of praise does not begin with us.  God’s people have sung and lived praise since God brought life.  We join our lives and song to theirs, which even a small gathering of frightened disciples can do.”[4]

Just as Jesus sent out his disciples, he sends us forth spreading the gift of peace in this season of Alleluias.  We are to look for that doubting Thomas around us; when we find him or her, may we speak peace, practice forgiveness, and aided by the Holy Spirit, give her whatever she needs for faith.

This is what Jesus did.  The real center of this story is not Thomas, but Jesus, who showed up in the midst of the gathered disciples to give Thomas what he needed, and who will continue to show up for generations to follow.[5]

The voice of the Lord is unmistakable to Thomas.  He has heard the Lord.  He has heard Jesus say, “Peace be with you.”

Peace offered from the lips of Jesus is not simply a greeting, but a gift. “Peace I leave with you,” Jesus said. He has left behind something we can’t see or touch, but is very real and very deep.

Jesus extended the gift of peace three times in this gospel passage so that his disciples would pass it on.  His words give them authority to speak peace.

We, too, are invited to speak peace.  Sharing the peace is part of our worship every Sunday.  Receiving peace from another person can be a powerful experience, especially in the midst of turmoil in our lives that we have not freely shared with others.

But we, in our eagerness to talk with one another, often clutter up the peace with longer conversation that would be best saved for coffee hour, or before and after church.

Hopefully you know that, of course, we are not going to police this part of the service!  It’s a gift to be in a loving worship community where many friendships are longstanding, and mean so much.

But, on some Sundays, we timed the length, and found that the peace took longer than hearing all the Bible readings together.  Then we knew it was out of balance.  So, I hope we can keep the peace shorter, and save some of our good conversations for later.

We know how easy it is to have doubts and questions, especially about our faith. Thomas did.  At times, we aren’t all that different from Thomas.  We like reassurance and proof.  We may need to ask others whom we trust to help us when we struggle with our faith.

Faith is a gift from God that is ours to receive and ours to share.  Be ready to receive the gift, so that when you feel the presence of Jesus, you can cry out as Thomas did, “My Lord and my God!”

[1]John K. Stendahl in Feasting on the word, Year c, v. 2, Barbara Brown Taylor and David Bartlett, eds. (Nashville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2009), 400.

[2]James Luther Mays, Psalms, Interpretation series (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1994), 449.

[3]Craig A. Satterlee in Feasting on the word, Op. Cit., 389.


[5]Nancy Claire Pittman in Feasting on the word, Op. Cit., 401.

April 18, 2019
Maundy Thursday: Exodus 12:1-14   1 Cor. 11:23-26   John 13:1-17, 31b-35

 Do this in remembrance of me

The three holy days have begun as we gather tonight.  Their stories are woven together – from the Passover meal and institution of the Lord’s Supper, the drama of Jesus hung on a cross on Good Friday – through the festive celebrations of Easter Day.

In our world we hear enough bad news, so we can be tempted to focus on the more pleasant stories in today’s readings.  In First Corinthians, Jesus shares a meal of bread and wine.  In John’s gospel, Jesus acts as a servant – washing his disciples’ feet and commanding them to love one another.

If we look only here, we skip over God’s judgment and anger in the Exodus reading: “I will strike down every firstborn in the land of Egypt, both human beings and animals; on all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgments.”

The Exodus reading tells of Israel’s deliverance and protection, along with detailed instructions for taking a lamb for each household. A sense of urgency is part of these instructions – when families eat this meal, they are to do so hurriedly with sandals on their feet and a staff in their hands, ready for a journey.

With the threat of Egypt’s land being stricken by plague, this is not a time to linger.  They are to mark their doorposts with the blood of the lamb; they have been told the Lord will pass overtheir household and not destroy them when he sees the lamb’s blood.

In protecting the families of Israel, God pours compassion upon Israel – the oppressed and powerless – and shows that those who wish to follow Jesus need to share his same loving compassion.

Notice that the instructions for the Passover meal includes joining with neighbors if one household is too small for a whole lamb.  Jesus is teaching the benefit of a gathered community.

The disciples share in the breaking of bread and passing the cup of wine, as we heard in the epistle lesson.  Jesus said, “’Do this in remembrance of me.’  For as often as you eat this bread and drink the cup, you proclaim the Lord’s death until he comes.”

Jesus knew, as the gospel tells us, “that his hour had come to depart from this world and go to the Father.  Having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end.”  In this gospel passage, Jesus begins his farewell to his beloved disciples.

Jesus addresses the disciples as little children when he says he will be with them only a little longer. Though “little children” can be considered an expression of affection, suggesting parental love, it may also describe the disciples’ often childlike understanding of Jesus’ teachings which leaves them searching for him, even after he has departed from this world.

Christ has become the Passover lamb, willingly sacrificing himself for the sins of the world according to the will of God.  Remember the story from Exodus when you hear the words “Christ our Passover is sacrificed for us” at the time of breaking of the bread before we receive communion.

Jesus, who calls himself Lord and Teacher, washes the feet of his disciples – lovingly, with a servant’s humility.

Ask yourself: if Jesus knelt before you and washed your feet, would you be ready for him?  If Jesus put bread into your hand, and asked you to remember him, how would you respond?

Tonight we will come forward to receive bread and wine as the disciples did at the Last Supper, then feel the mood change when the reserved blessed sacrament is carried reverently out of the church and into the chapel entrance.  As you pass by the chapel, you will see the candle lit in vigil on this night.

We grow more somber as the altar is stripped and we, together, pray in the words of Psalm 22: “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?  And are so far from my cry and from the words of my distress?

O my God, I cry in the daytime, but you do not answer; by night as well, but I find no rest.” (Ps. 22: 1-2)

At the conclusion of Psalm 22, it is fitting that we depart in prayerful silence as darkness is about to fall, and the morning turns to the poignant hours of Good Friday.

As we journey through these holy days, can you imagine Jesus calling you friend, offering you the bread and cup?  Are you ready to let Jesus get just that close?

Guest Preacher: The Rev. Heidi Haverkamp

March 2, 2019
Last Sunday After Epiphany, Yr. C: Luke 9:28-43a

It is good to be with you this morning at Christ Church. My name is Heidi Haverkamp, and I’m a priest from the diocese of Chicago. I’ve known Raisin for over a dozen years – we met in seminary and I am so pleased to worship with her and with you, and to share in God’s Word with you this morning.

The reason I’m here is because I wrote a book called Holy Solitude: Lenten Reflections with Saints, Prophets, Hermits, and Rebels. Yesterday, at a workshop I taught at Trinity in Davenport, someone asked if I had a sort of personality test to whether you are a saint, prophet, hermit, or rebel! But the book is actually about all those kinds of people, and how through spending some time in solitude, for a short time or a long time, different kinds of Christians found themselves feeling closer to the heart of God, and to the heart of their own self, as well; people like Elijah, John the Baptist, St. Francis, Julian of Norwich, and many others.

When I use the world “solitude,” I don’t just mean being alone, because sometimes we are alone and it is painful and lonely. The kind of solitude I mean is when we choose to be alone with God somehow. To be alone with God, even if we are in a crowd. To have enough space inside and around us, that we can notice God, inside and around us.

That’s hard to do in a time like ours, where our attention gets broken up and yanked all over the place.  When there are few public places you can go where there isn’t some kind of noise or chatter. Where there seems so often to be so little use for silence, or stillness, or listening, or the possibility that the still small voice of God might be speaking just to you, and the Holy Spirit might be hoping you might listen.

Today’s gospel tells us about Jesus taking Peter, James, and John, his beloved disciples, up to a mountaintop, to pray together. Then, Luke tells us that they saw Jesus’ clothes glow with light and glory, and that two great teachers of Judaism appeared with him, Moses and Elijah. And the disciples are so confused! But God speaks to them from a mysterious cloud and reassures them, “This is my Son – Listen to him!”

I don’t know about you, but I’ve hiked up a few mountains in my time (or at least several reallybighills)  and nothing like this has ever happened to me. Now, Jesus is not walking on this earth anymore, not in the way he was with Peter and John, so we cannot be with Jesus in the same way that they were.  But I wonder if this story is still an invitation to us? Not to climb up a literal mountain, but I wonder, to climb the mountain of our own life, or soul or heart, and see if we might meet Jesus there, too?

If we might also see him, glorified and radiant, in our heart or our mind’s eye, in our prayer life?

Our Christian ancestors would say yes, that we need to “come away” for a while sometimes, from everything else, and go up on a mountain of prayer to step into someplace above and apart, like the disciples — to be with God, to feel God’s presence with us, and to listen to Him.

My book is a kind of field guide for doing this, with many short chapters about Christians who climbed the mountain of prayer and solitude, trying to grow their relationship with Christ, usually for long periods of time – days, months, years, and sometimes decades. We can’t all do this and God doesn’t expect us to, but I believe a little solitude now and then can help us focus ourselves in prayer and notice the presence of God within us, and around us, more and more.

Prayer is sometimes easy and sometimes hard. Sometimes, maybe we make it harder than it needs to be.    I know I do.

This reminds me of Peter in today’s Gospel, who when he sees Jesus transfigured gets nervous. Shouldn’t he do something?  Doesn’t he need to build something to show Jesus his devotion, to prove himself?

Can’t he get going and build some nice booths for Jesus and the prophets? Sometimes we may feel this way in prayer, too.  Is prayer just sitting there?

Don’t we need to do something? Produce something for God?

Nope.  Sister Ruth Burrows, a Carmelite nun from England, says prayer is nothing fancy – it means to just sit still and let God love you, she says. That’s it.

Sit still a minute, and let God love you.

Now, some people love solitude, some people aren’t sure about it, and other people mostly try to avoid it. Sometimes we might feel like Peter because solitude makes us nervous – we’d rather build some booths than sit still and have all those feelings bubble up inside us.  That’s not wrong or abnormal.

Whether you love solitude or dread it in your own life, using it to sit with God can be tricky. Yes, it’s a place to encounter God.

But solitude is also a place where evil spirits can lurk, wanting to grab and shake at us, pulling us away from God. They can come as distractions, boredom, bad thoughts, a voice of criticism or pointlessness.

Early Christians believed that, when these bad feelings came to you in times when you were trying to pray, or do any spiritual discipline that would bring you closer to God, that it was evil spirits or demons trying to stop you.

“When the good get going, the going gets tough,” as a friend of mine used to say.

I think it’s interesting that in today’s Gospel passage, Jesus goes from that mountaintop experience of glory and communion with God and his disciples, and comes down to face down a demon, right away. So often, our prayer lives or our Lenten spiritual practices can be like that too – we have good intentions, we have good experiences, but then other things get in the way.

We get tripped up, or we find ourselves pulling away, or we feel like we’ve messed it up. This is normal. We can’t be up on the mountaintop all the time, but you know what, Jesus stays with us no matter what.

Even if we’re confused or fidgety or upset. And Jesus is more powerful than demons or evil spirits. Jesus invites us to keep trying. God says, “”This is my Son, my Chosen; listen to him.”

Solitude can be profound, but it can also be hard.  I wanted to write a book that helps people – including myself! – with the good parts and the hard parts, with practical ideas, suggestions, and tools, but also with a whole back-up army of holy people from scripture and Christian history to help, people who went deep into solitude and came back with a lot of wisdom.

People who often had their whole lives changed by the time they spent in prayer and solitude, and who in turn, changed the world around them, too: Moses, St. Paul, Catherine of Siena, Thomas Merton…

We may not all have the time they did, forty days or forty years – maybe sometimes we have a hard time finding forty minutes, or even forty seconds. But I believe we all can do this simply through moments in our everyday life.

And that God invites us to:

  • to make a space of solitude, even just in our own heads and hearts –
  • our own mountaintop with Christ…
  • to think about God,
  • to talk to Jesus,
  • to let the Holy Spirit guide us,
  • to tell the demons to get lost,
  • to sit still a little while,
  • and let God love us.


February 24, 2019
7 Epiphany, Yr. C: Genesis 45:3-11, 15   Cor. 15:35-38, 42-50   Luke 6:27-38

The other side of forgiveness

Today’s Old Testament lesson begins abruptly.  “Joseph said to his brothers, ‘I am Joseph.  Is my father still alive?’”  If you hadn’t already been reading this chapter, you’d have questions. So let’s back up.

In the story we hear about Joseph, known as a wise man who serves God, with his brothers.  We find a few surprises.  The brothers sold Joseph into slavery, thinking they’d never see him again. Now he appears among them, and does the last thing they expect.  He forgives them and tells them not to be distressed.  He tells them to go, tell their father that the son he thought was gone forever is very much alive.

Joseph tells his brothers that what happened between them was part of God’s plan to preserve life in a time of famine.  He wants them to ask their father to come and settle nearby, in the land of Goshen.

The brothers were surprised when Joseph appeared.  They were surprised to learn he was one of Pharaoh’s officers.  And they were surprised when Joseph forgave, so that reconciliation among them began.  The fourth surprise is that Joseph’s act of forgiveness – and it’s true for us as well – does as much good for him as it does for his brothers.

Forgiving is easy to talk about, but much harder to do.  Turn the other cheek and take more insult? Really? There are people we are sure we never can forgive. Or it may be ourselves that we hold to such high standards and struggle with, that we can’t forgive.

We pray about this each time we say The Lord’s Prayer:  “Forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who have trespassed against us.”

 Archbishop Desmond Tutu, Nobel Peace Prize winner and author, with his daughter The Reverend Mpho Tutu, wrote a book entitled The Book of Forgiving.  Their writing serves as a kind of “how to” guide on the art of forgiving others.  The writers wish us to know that each of us is capable of healing and reconciliation.

 “Each of us has a deep need to forgive and be forgiven. After reflecting on the process of forgiveness, Tutu recognized that there are four important steps to healing:

admitting the wrong and acknowledging the harm; telling one’s story and witnessing the anguish; asking for forgiveness and granting forgiveness; and renewing or releasing the relationship.

Forgiveness is hard work.  It can feel like an impossible task. But it is only through walking this path that Tutu says we can free ourselves of the endless, unyielding cycle of pain and retribution. The Book of Forgiving offers Tutu’s wise advice and shows the way to experience forgiveness. Ultimately, forgiving is the only means we have to heal ourselves and our world.”[1]

In Luke’s gospel passage for today, Jesus calls his followers into a way of life – not only the best ways to act toward others for a day or two – but a whole way of being: the way of mercy, kindness, and forgiveness.

The problem is that Jesus is dealing with humans, and humans always are prone to quick reactions, judgment, and competition with others.

Jesus in his encouragement to live the way of mercy and forgiveness asks us to put on the characteristics of the heavenly Father: to reach for the highest role model of all, to extend compassion and love toward ourselves, our relationships, and in community.

This gospel passage we hear today has the phrase many have heard often:   “Do unto others as you would have them do unto you.”  Even if we think that makes sense, it’s harder to put this into practice.  This requires imagining ourselves in another person’s shoes when we would rather have nothing to do with the person in the first place.

But Jesus promises good things in these words, “Your reward will be great, and you will be children of the Most High.”  As children of the Most High, we inherit the life that God promises waits for us – eternal life with God through Christ’s resurrection.

Today’s epistle from First Corinthians is one of the first written discussions of resurrection.

Paul tells the Corinthians that their bodies, which have come from dust, will be transformed from the physical to the spiritual.  They will be raised in a new spiritual body. Our physical bodies do not inherit God’s kingdom.  Only when God raises us up will we know new and unending life in him, as our prayers preparing us for Holy Communion assure us.

Resurrection can be hard to understand and even harder to believe, because none of us has ever seen God.  Nor have we heard anyone return to tell what it’s like.  The beauty of resurrection is that a taste of it can come in other ways.  It can come while we live our ordinary days and lives.  Forgiveness is one way we can experience the joy of resurrection.

We may have learned that through forgiveness of another, we give them a great gift, deserved or not.  Through our choice to forgive, we give that person freedom.  What comes as a surprise is that in forgiving, we are really freeing ourselves.

Imagine a time when you were hurt by someone, whether it was a harsh and ugly remark, a case of real physical harm, or the all too common emotional hurt that humans inflict upon each other – often without realizing the damage.

Imagine that the hurt still lives within you, like a heavy stone you still carry with you every day, everywhere you go.  I know that some of you do not need to imagine this, for you have lived it.

Now imagine shattering that large stone to bits, letting go of its terrible weight and never welcoming it back, through your best effort to forgive whoever caused it.  The freedom you gain no longer carrying the stone is a taste of resurrected life – life that is lighter and free.

The surprise of forgiveness is that in forgiving as Joseph did with his brothers, as Jesus asks of us in Luke’s gospel, we free ourselves of a burden we may have carried for a long time.  With the help of God’s mercy and grace, the power of the past can be broken, and we are renewed.

The writer and priest Richard Rohr says this:  “Nothing new happens without forgiveness.  God does not love us if we change; God loves us so that we can change.  Forgiveness is the only way to free ourselves from the entrapment of the past.”[2]

Now create in us a clean heart, O God, and renew a right spirit within us.


[1]Tutu, Desmond and Tutu, Mpho, The book of forgiving: the fourfold path to healing ourselves and our world(New York: HarperCollins, 2014). Description adapted from the book cover.

[2]Richard Rohr, Forgiveness: weekly summary(Albuquerque: Center for Action and Contemplation; 9/2/17),

Guest Preacher: The Very Rev. John Horn

February 10, 2019
5 Epiphany, Yr. C: Isaiah 6:1-13   1 Cor. 15:1-11   Luke 5:1-11        

Simple Words

First, let me say how wonderful it is to be here with all of you. Raisin and I did a “pulpit swap” a number of years ago when she was in Iowa City and I was in Burlington. This is our first in our current positions. What makes it fun for us, and I hope for you, is that we know people in both congregations. It’s always a delight to be with people we know.

You may know that Raisin grew up as an only child. Meeting my family was a shock for her because I’m the youngest of six. Most of my siblings had spouses and children when we met, so she had a lot of family to get used to.

For me, being the youngest had advantages. I got away with a lot. My parents were pretty distracted by the time I arrived, so my older sisters took care of me. They did their best to keep me in line. Eventually they left home, leaving me with my brothers. Let’s just say we had a good time growing up.

I got used to letting others taking the initiative and then I’d follow along. I’m sure I did a lot of whining along the way, but I like to think that I did what I was told after I finished whining. So I can really relate to the feelings of those fishermen who encountered Jesus in today’s Gospel. Simon Peter, probably with his brother Andrew, and their partners James and John, had spent the whole night dragging their nets through the sea without catching anything. They were ready to clean up and go home when Jesus stepped into Simon’s boat and asked him to go out a bit so he could speak to the people on the shore. I expect Simon dozed off during that sermon, as exhausted as he was.

Eventually Jesus stopped talking. No doubt Simon thought he could finally go home. Instead, Jesus told him to head out to deep water and put the nets down again. I can just hear Simon say, “Aw, Jesus, do I have to?” But after whining, he did what he was told and put the nets down. Suddenly they were so full of fish that they began to break. He had to call James and John out to help. Even at that, the weight of the fish made both boats begin to sink. Now they were no longer tired. They were terrified. Who was this man? Calmly, Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid.”What simple words! We hear them often in Luke’s Gospel. It’s the first thing said to anyone who encounters the living God, whether it’s the angel Gabriel talking to Mary or the resurrected Jesus appearing to the disciples behind locked doors. Do not be afraid. Simple words worth remembering.

Once back on shore, the fishermen left everything behind and followed this man who alternately terrified and comforted them. The bulletin cover today tries to depict that scene, with the boat left high and dry and the nets still hanging over the side. What it doesn’t show are all of the fish left behind! That must have been quite a stench.

The first reading presented us with another call from God, equally dramatic. Isaiah appeared to be serving in the Jewish Temple when he had a vision of God, surrounded by the fantastical seraphim. Those strange beasts called to one another – and I hope you recognized their words, because you say them every Sunday! “Holy, holy, holy is the Lord of hosts; the whole earth is full of his glory.” Eastern Orthodox Christians believe that when we sing that during the Eucharist, heaven and earth are joined. We are lifted up to the presence of God.

Isaiah, however, was petrified. He knew just how unworthy he was to be in the presence of the living God. This time God’s reassurance is also frightening. One of the seraphim took a coal from the altar – it had to be hot, because he used tongs – and touched Isaiah’s lips, as though burning his sins away! Amazingly, Isaiah can still speak. So when God asked for someone to send, Isaiah could say, “Here am I. Send me.”

Here am I. Again, simple words. In the original Hebrew, in fact, it’s just one word: hinneni. That’s what Abraham says when God calls him. It’s what the prophets say. Hinenni. Here am I. More simple words worth remembering.

In the second reading, St. Paul is starting to wrap up his long letter to the church in Corinth. As if in summary, he presents the basics of the Christian faith: Christ died for our sins, was buried, and on the third day rose again. Paul says this was predicted in the scriptures. He gives a long list of people who saw Jesus after the resurrection to reinforce that it was real. And Paul shows his true personality. In the same breath in which he says that he is the least of the apostles, he claims to have worked harder than any of them. One gets the impression that he is constantly trying to keep his ego under control, and often fails. I’m so glad that Paul wrote his letters, and I’m so glad that he’s not in my church.

Paul doesn’t provide us with any short sayings – nothing he said was short – but he does give us the Christian faith in brief. An easy way to remember what he says is the response in Eucharistic Prayer A: “Christ has died. Christ is risen. Christ will come again.” It is through the Eucharist that we receive the Word (capital W) that is Jesus Christ. Jesus comes to us in the bread and wine every week. That’s one of the great things about the Episcopal Church – Jesus is here in weekly communion, even when the sermon makes you feel like tired Simon listening to Jesus drone on.

God calls us in many ways. I do know that God has a sense of humor, because he decided that this youngest child who followed everyone should be the dean of a cathedral. I’m fortunate that my parents and siblings guided me in the right direction, even when I whined about it. I’m deeply grateful that they led me to the greatest gift of all, faith in Jesus Christ. That faith continues to sustain me, as I hope it sustains you. We saw today that it can be expressed in a very few words:

Do not be afraid.
Here am I. Send me.
Christ has died. Christ is risen. Christ will come again.

Powerful words. Transformative words. Hold on to them, and they’ll guide you well – whether you’re an only child or the youngest of six or anything in between.

January 20, 2019
2 Epiphany, Yr. C: John 2:1-11

The good wine

 Whenever we hear the gospel story of Jesus turning water into wine, I think of a young acolyte in another Iowa church who accidentally poured wine instead of water over my hands at the altar.  The poor acolyte looked so horrified, and I didn’t want him to spend the rest of the service feeling badly.  All I could think to say was, “Oh, look!  Jesus did it again!”  It took a second, but he got it.  He knew that Jesus performed a miracle turning water into wine, so my smile was a big as his.

 Another water and wine conversation happened with a guest at the Free Breakfast Café in Iowa City where I served as director.  Sometimes I prepared towering columns of toast, other times talked to people with struggles who came to the dining room.  One day, a guest called out as I made rounds with pitchers of water and juice.

He said, “Hey Pastor, can you turn this water into wine?” He made all his buddies at the table laugh, whether or not they knew the Bible story. So I told him no, only Jesus performed miracles, and I sure wasn’t Jesus.  Then he asked, “But can’t you be Jesus?”

His question stayed with me:  Can’t we be Jesus?   Literally, of course, no. We cannot.  Yet when Jesus walked weary on the earth as fully human, teaching that following him means lifting up the lowly, caring about the poor, then I think Jesus says that you and I have work to do – God’s work.  As some in the church put it, we are like Christ’s hands and feet in the world.

In the gospel reading, Jesus turns scarcity into abundance. Though at first there was no wine, when Jesus acted there was an astonishing, overflowing amount – some 120 to 160 gallons!

Jesus’ mother brought this need to Jesus’ attention.  She’s not called by her name, Mary, in the gospel passage, but I wonder what would have happened without her! The wedding guests would have been very thirsty. The answer Jesus gave her sounded very human: “What concern is that to you and to me? My hour has not yet come.”  His answer has to do with timing.  He’s not guided by his mother’s timing, the wedding guests, or anyone else’s.  He’s on God’s time – heavenly, not earthly.

In Jesus’ own time, he points beyond himself to God’s grace and abundance – signs of the joy that God hopes for us. Today’s reading from the prophet Isaiah also gives us a wedding scene.  Isaiah says, “As the bridegroom rejoices over the bride, so shall your God rejoice over you.” (Is. 62:5) 

The changing of names from “Forsaken” to “Delight” signifies a new future for Israel, as when a bride often (but not always) chooses to take on the bridegroom’s name to mark their new future together.  But so often before real change, someone’s encouraging voice needs to rise up.  Isaiah says, “I will not keep silent, and for Jerusalem’s sake I will not rest.” (Is. 62:1)

 Later prophets after Isaiah, whose voices rose up throughout history, have challenged us to work for a better world where hope and joy are more than unreachable jewels.  It’s timely today to remember Martin Luther King, Jr. as we have a holiday tomorrow in his name.

Dr. King challenged the nation in his “I Have a Dream” speech, boldly preaching his vision of a world where hatred, cruelty, and the injustice of racial inequality are overcome; where his own children could be treated with respect and dignity.  Some of you know his words well:

“I have a dream that my four children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character…

I have a dream that one day the state of Alabama… will be transformed into a situation where little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls and walk together as sisters and brothers…

I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.”  (MLK, Jr.)

Another prophet of our time, Archbishop Desmond Tutu kept Dr. King’s words close when writing his book, God has a dream.[1]  Tutu expresses hope and joy despite the injustices he witnessed in South Africa, refusing to give up on the human capacity for turning to goodness.

Tutu begins his chapters with, “Dear child of God.”  He points directly to Dr. King’s work:

“’I have a dream,’ God says…It is a dream of a world whose ugliness and squalor and poverty, its war and hostility, greed and harsh competitiveness, its alienation and disharmony are changed into their glorious counterparts, when there will be more laughter, joy and peace, where there will be justice and goodness and compassion.” (Tutu, pp. 19-20)

I wonder what Dr. King and Archbishop Tutu would say if they could walk together today.  Dr. King might repeat his famous “I have a dream today” refrain that rings throughout our history as a litany rings through our worship each time we celebrate the Eucharist.

Archbishop Tutu might address Dr. King as he does in his book: “Dear child of God,” he would begin.

“Dear child of God,” Tutu writes, “it is often difficult for us to recognize the presence of God in our lives and in our world…Despite all the evidence to the contrary, there is no way that evil and injustice and oppression…can have the last word.  God is a God who cares about right and wrong.  God cares about justice and injustice.  God is in charge.” (Tutu, pp. 1-2)

Yes, God is in charge, but God needs all of us together to serve as Christ’s loving hands on earth.  Can’t we be Jesus?  With ears tuned to the world’s suffering and scarcity, and hearts fixed on the kingdom promised to us as God’s children, we can better see abundance, promise, and hope, where there is none.

I think of that question I got: Can’t you be Jesus?  My answer, still, is no.  I cannot, and you cannot.  We do not work miracles, and even though we’re made in God’s image, we are but human.  But we can live like Jesus.  What we can do is listen to the Jesus who lives within each of us.  What we can be is God’s partners here on earth, as Archbishop Tutu says.

He writes, “God calls us to be his partners to work for a new kind of society where people count; where people matter more than possessions; where human life is not just respected but revered; where people will…not suffer from the fear of hunger, from ignorance, from disease; where there will be more gentleness, more caring, more compassion…where there is peace and not war.

Our partnership with God comes from the fact that we are made in God’s image…To treat a child of God as if he or she were less than this is not just wrong…it is…to spit in the face of God.  Each of us is a ‘God carrier,’ as St. Paul put it.  Human beings must not just by rights be respected, but they must be held in awe and reverence.”  (Tutu, p. 63)

No, we can’t change water into wine, or do all we do without God’s help and grace, but we can make that grace visible through loving action, through welcoming those who know what it is to be outcast and forgotten.

In the joy into which Desmond Tutu invites us, in the dream which Martin Luther King places before us, we can see beyond the ordinary to find the extravagant grace and love of God.

Martin Luther King famously said, “I have decided to stick with love.  Hate is too great a burden to bear.”  As we continue in and beyond this Eucharist to give thanks to God, may we take up the challenge of prophets before us to stick with love.


[1]Desmond Tutu, God has a dream: a vision of hope for our time(New York: Random House, Inc.), 2004.

January 13, 2019
1 Epiphany, Yr. C: Isaiah 43:1-7   Acts 8:14-17   Luke 3:15-17, 21-22

I will, with God’s help

 On this first Sunday after the Epiphany, we remember the Baptism of Jesus in the river Jordan.  His baptism sets apart all the waters of creation as special.  From that day forward, water becomes the primary symbol of our baptismal life.  We hear about water in today’s Collect, in the Old Testament reading, in Psalm 29, and in Luke’s gospel.

Jesus is named as Beloved, as Son.  We are called to remember our baptisms, knowing we each are called by name in the baptismal liturgy.   In today’s gospel passage, God’s voice from heaven proclaims, “You are my Son, the Beloved.”  You and I, at our baptism, are given our identity, too: we are marked as God’s own forever.  Nothing we can do erases or removes that blessing.

Think of your own name. Were you named to honor someone – a member of your family from an older generation, or an important person who had a special impact in your family’s life?

Naming is important. We do it in church beginning with baptism, as each of us also is called child of God.  Knowing one another by name matters.  I know that naming those we call Brothers and Sisters in Christ has changed the way I approach coming to church, no matter what day of the week it is.

Some weeks ago, knowing I complain about the number of hours I spend driving to and from church each week – the equivalent of an entire work day – I decided that enough was enough.  It was time to be done with complaining.

On the road, I began praying for each of you, by name.  When I first began this prayer routine during  Advent season, you all made it easy.  Since we are creatures of habit, it is easy to recall where you tend to sit, even if you change it up every so often.  To speak your names, taking time with each name in prayer and holding it up to God, is a holy privilege.

It is holy privilege for God, too, to know us each by name and call us Beloved, as he first did when Jesus was baptized in the waters of the Jordan.

But notice that in addition to a name and an identity, Jesus has a seemingly impossible mission – to save all humankind from their sinful behavior, to lift up the lowly, heal the sick, comfort those who mourn, and welcome all into God’s presence.  How did Jesus know how to do all this; where to start?

Today’s lesson from the prophet Isaiah encourages us to remember the sacrament of baptism.  The Lord says, “Do not fear, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name, you are mine.”  And here’s where the passage speaks of water:  “When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they shall not overwhelm you.”

The Isaiah lesson is one of what is known as the Servant Songs.  In the passage we hear today, the Lord reassures Israel that they are not to fear, for God has come to save them.  This was the time of the exile, and the people awaited their savior, God’s chosen one.

But this savior turns out a bit differently than they may have expected.  What they thought they’d find wasn’t a mighty conqueror clothed in splendor.  Instead, God’s son comes as a servant who is patient and obedient, caring about the needs of others.   Luke’s is the only gospel to tell us that after Jesus was baptized, he prayed.  As he does so, the Holy Spirit falls upon him, and the voice from heaven comes down.

In today’s lesson from Book of Acts, the Holy Spirit also falls upon the people who came from Samaria to accept the word of God.  Peter and John lay hands upon the converts, and they receive the Holy Spirit.  In this book of the Bible, the stories we hear and read are the stories of how the early Church was formed and grew.

On this Sunday, in the place during our worship when we pray the Nicene Creed, we pray the Baptismal Covenant, and renew the vows we made, or that were made on our behalf, by sponsors and Godparents.

You’ll see that the Baptismal Covenant has a set of questions and responses in a dialogue form, as we reaffirm our faith in God as three persons in one.  We then recommit ourselves to a life of faith and service.

The most important line we speak in this set of promises is the one we repeat.  We say, “I will, with God’s help.”  These are key words to remember about the promises we make to God. We cannot keep all our vows alone. We do it by the grace of the God who made us, cherishes us, and calls us by name.

We promise to continue in the apostles’ teaching and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and in the prayers.  When we say these things, we mean that we will come to worship, be in fellowship with each other, and pray, even after church is over.

We promise to resist evil. When we sin, as is our human nature, we say that we are sorry.  We promise to do better.  Every day is a new chance to start over.  God will never give up on us.

We promise to proclaim by word and example God’s good news.  What we mean here is that we show other people, by the things we say (or refrain from saying) and the things we do (or the way we treat others), that being God’s people changes everything about how we see and interact with the world outside.

We promise to seek and serve Christ in all persons, loving our neighbor as ourselves.  This doesn’t mean we have to like everybody – we know that we don’t, and it’s not reasonable to think that we will.  But loving them in the name of Christ is different from liking them.  We are asked to pray even for those who hurt us.

Finally, we promise to work for justice and peace among people, and respect the dignity of everyone. Whether others look, act, or think like we do; whether we think they deserve to be dealt with kindly when we don’t approve of things they do; each person God places in our path is someone in need of being treated well, like a child of God.

This is a tough one, and it’s one for which I am most grateful that I end the promise by saying, “I will, with God’s help.”

After Jesus had received the Holy Spirit and prayed, he was filled forever with God’s grace to do the work of healing, blessing, forgiving others, and welcoming the stranger.  We too, are sent out from our time together each Sunday with strength to do the work God has given us to do.

We can do it with God’s help, with God’s never-ending love for us, and by God’s grace.  Psalm 29 reassures us that, “The Lord shall give strength to his people; the Lord shall give his people the blessing of peace.”

Thanks be to God.  Amen.

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